During my visit to Sarajevo our hosts organised a visit to the Tunnel. It is not an official museum but the people, living in the house in front of the Tunnel, keep the house open for visitors.
The Tunnel was dug in 1993 during the siege of Sarajevo. Since the city was completely cut off, people thought of a way to provide the city with food and other provisions. The airport was announced a neutral territory by NATO, but the citizens of Sarajevo had no access to it. Therefore they came up with the idea to dig a tunnel in the ground.
The tunnel is about 800 meter long and 1,5 m. deep and wide. People had to bind forward in order to be able to pass through. They carried heavy sacks with fresh food from the “free” territory. Some people in the group, who had passed along the tunnel several times, told us that the darkness was fearful. The tunnel was used only during the night. When one stopped to take a short break he could lose orientation. The specific smell and sound of shelling and bombing were terrible.
On the back wall of the house in the backyard there was an installed TV screen, on which we saw a video from the war. The pictures of destruction and killing are very sad and deeply moving. The mistress of the house, a nice old lady, who had handed out water to the exhausted builders of the tunnel at the entrance of the tunnel, was still living in the house.
Her grandson showed us around and told us the story of the siege of Sarajevo. At that time he was a teenager and experienced the war in his very youth.
In the house there were a lot of photos of famous people (actors, politicians), who visited the tunnel to pay tribute to the bravery of the people, who fought and died in the war.
Something that our guide told us moved me very much. “People fought without any fear of death, because they were not fighting for territory or for any other empty cause. They were fighting for their families and children!
By Rositsa Sirakova
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